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African influence on food and spices in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands

Updated: Nov 16, 2023

The history of how conch soup became a part of Roatán, Honduras cuisine is closely tied to the region's history of slavery and African cultural influences. During the colonial era, Roatán and the surrounding Bay Islands were used as a base for British colonial operations, including the capture and enslavement of our African Ancestors.

Enslaved Africans brought to the region were forced to work on plantations and in various industries, including fishing. Conch, a large marine mollusk, was abundant in the waters surrounding Roatán and became a significant part of the enslaved population's diet. The practice of cooking conch soup likely emerged as a way to make use of the available resources and create a nourishing and flavorful dish.

The enslaved Africans brought with them their culinary traditions and techniques, which blended with local ingredients and cooking methods. These culinary practices were passed down through generations and became an integral part of the cultural heritage of Roatán.

Conch soup, known locally as "sopa de caracol," typically includes conch meat, vegetables, and various seasonings. It was traditionally prepared using simple ingredients that were readily available, such as onions, garlic, tomatoes, bell peppers, and spices. The soup was often cooked slowly over an open fire, allowing the flavors to meld together and create a hearty and satisfying dish.

Over time, sopa de caracol has become a beloved and iconic dish in Roatán and the wider Caribbean region. It is now enjoyed by both locals and visitors, showcasing the cultural fusion and historical significance of the island's cuisine.

Conch soup is a traditional dish from Roatan, Honduras, that showcases the flavors of the local seafood. Here's a recipe to make conch soup:


- 1 pound conch, cleaned and diced

- 2 tablespoons olive oil

- 1 onion, diced

- 2 cloves garlic, minced

- 1 bell pepper, diced

- 1 Yuca

- 2 tomatoes, diced

- 4 cups fish or vegetable broth

- 1 bay leaf

- 1 teaspoon thyme

- 1 teaspoon paprika

- Salt and pepper to taste

- Fresh cilantro or parsley, chopped (for garnish)

- Lime wedges (for serving)


1. In a large pot, heat the olive oil over medium heat. Add the diced onion, garlic, bell pepper, and yuca. Sauté for about 5 minutes until the vegetables start to soften.

2. Add the diced conch to the pot and continue cooking for another 2-3 minutes.

3. Add the diced tomatoes, fish or vegetable broth, bay leaf, thyme, paprika, salt, and pepper to the pot. Stir well to combine all the ingredients.

4. Bring the soup to a boil, then reduce the heat to low and let it simmer uncovered for about 30-40 minutes, or until the conch is tender and the flavors have melded together.

5. Taste and adjust the seasoning as needed, adding more salt and pepper if desired.

6. Once the soup is ready, remove the bay leaf and discard it.

7. Serve the conch soup hot, garnished with fresh cilantro or basil. Squeeze a lime wedge over each bowl of soup before eating to add a touch of acidity.

Conch soup is a comforting and flavorful dish that highlights the unique taste of conch. It can be enjoyed as a main course or as a starter. Serve it with crusty bread or rice for a complete meal.



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